100 SHIPPING PRACTICE
\\TiiIst charter-parties or bills of lading, under which the
cargo is being carried, are included in this list it should be
remembered that in many cases steamers leave a port
without the manifest or bills of lading on board. It is often
found convenient to send these papers to the port of
destination of ship by a following steamer, which arrives
earlier, or by air mail. This procedure gives the shipping
office (at port of loading) additional time for the preparation
of documents, and the documents are received at port of
destination some few dzys prior to the vessel's arrival,
providing a saving of time at both ports. As the manifest or
bills of lading are only required at port of destination
no objections are raised if the vessel does not carry such
documents provided they are received at port of discharge
before or at time of arrival of the steamer.
Official logs must be kept on every ship in the approved
form of the Ministry of Transport. All entries made in these
books must be made as soon as possible after an occurrence,
and signed by the master and mate, or other member of the
crew. Entries referring to illness must be signed by the
ship's surgeon (if one is employed on board); entries regard-
ing wages must be signed by the master, mate, and some
member of the crew.
All entries in official log books are admissible as evidence
in any proceedings in a court of justice.
Entries in the official log book consist of all records of
crew's conduct, wages, fines, any births, marriages, or
deaths. Happenings in regard to the procedure of the ship
are entered on the ship's log.
A list of dutiable stores is carried on board for customs
purposes. This is made up by the Customs Officer on
boarding the ship.
On arrival at the port of destination, the master presents
the bill of health to the medical officer of the port, who after
satisfying himself that there is no objection to the ship—
on the ground of health—passes it in as "clean."
The Rummaging Officer or Customs Preventative Officer
comes on board and compares the list of stores with the